Neutered glider males are essentially the same as female gliders, appearance wise & hormonal wise. Male gliders have 2 scent glands: on their head and on their chest. That’s why unneutered males will lack of hair on the top of the head and have a greasy looking chest. When you neuter a male, you’re removing the testosterones as well as the hormones, so the hairs on the head will grow back, and the chest stops producing oils.
Females aren’t spayed, and should never be spayed, since they are so small and it will be too invasive of a surgery. Don’t trust any vet that says they can spay females, that is not a Sugar Glider savvy vet.
There are many benefits for neutering a male including:
-Less aggressive (they tend to be more docile than an unneutered male)
-Less of a noticeable odor (since you will be removing the hormones)
-No hormones means no fighting for territory
-No surprise babies (although cute and nice to watch them grow up, it will cost more to neuter more males)
-Less chance of testicular cancer
There are 2 ways to neuter a male: Pom on (testicles are still visible) and Pom off (testicles are removed).
The pom off method is the entire removal of both the scrotum and the testicles. Some vets will use either glue or stitches to close the wound.
The pom on method is the removal of the testicles, it requires an incision in the scrotum and the blood vessels tied off/cauterized. No glue or stitches are required for this method.
Since they are exotic pets, the cost is usually higher when you go to the vet for a neutering procedure. When you purchase a sugar glider from us, the males will already be neutered (unless you are wanting to breed). The vet we take them to does a laser removal, “pom off”, this is a quick and painless procedure, and requires little to no recovery time. This is a fairly new method and is costly, not all vets will carry the equipment.
Do your research before you take them to the vet! Ask all the questions you can, and get as much information as possible. Here are some basic questions you can ask them:
-How young can they get neutered? Either 8 weeks, 2 months or at least 70g
-Can you fix females? Females are never spayed (red flags if they say yes!!)
-What’s the oldest you can neuter? 7 years old is the max you should neuter a male.
-Can you tell me the methods you will be doing the neuters? Pom off, pom on and if they’re doing laser or not
-How many years and how many gliders have you neutered? Experienced vets are always better
-Are you going to shave that area before neutering? There is no need to shave at all, this will actually increase stress
-How soon before I can put him back with his friend? Depends on the method used (this advice will vary)
-Will they need pain medication afterwards? No for laser procedure, yes for the other methods
-Will they need to be anesthetized? Yes they do